英国大学成立时间表

  中世纪大学 - Medieval universities
  在19世纪前,英国一共有6所大学,其中英格兰2所,苏格兰4所。他们是在中世纪时期成立的,所以被称为中世纪大学(Medieval universities)。在16到19世纪没有大学成立。
  
大学名称 成立时间 大学校训
University of Oxford Before 1167 Dominus illuminatio mea
University of Cambridge 1209 Hinc lucem et pocula sacra
University of St Andrews Between 1410 and 1413 ΑΙΕΝ ΑΡΙΣΤΕΥΕΙΝ
University of Glasgow 1451 Via, Veritas, Vita
University of Aberdeen 1495 Initium sapientiae timor domini
University of Edinburgh

1582


 

维多利亚时期大学

  在维多利亚时期(Victorian period)成立的大学。
  
大学名称 成立时间 大学校训
Saint David's College, now the University of Wales, Lampeter 1822 Gair Duw Goreu Dysg
University College London 1826
King's College London 1829
Durham University 1832 Fundamenta eius super montibus sanctis
University of London 1836
Queen's University Belfast 1849
Bangor University 1884 Gorau Dawn Deall

 

红砖大学 Red brick universities

  通常是指在二战前的维多利亚时期在英格兰的6个主要工业城市发展起来的大学。被称作'红砖'最初只是杜撰,因为这些大学相对于老大学来说是新的。近年来,有一些和这6所大学很类似的大学也被归入到'红砖'大学中。
  市立大学(The civic universities)
  这类大学主要是在19世纪英国的工业城市发展起来的,这些大学主要给学生提供实践方面的技能知识,大多数和机械有关。
  
大学名称 成立时间 大学校训
UMIST 1842
University of Birmingham 24 March 1900 Per Ardua Ad Alta
University of Liverpool 1 October 1903 Haec otia studia fovent
University of Leeds 1 October 1904 et augebitur scientia
University of Sheffield 31 May 1905 Rerum cognoscere causas
University of Bristol 1909 Vim promovet insitam
  *UMIST(Manchester Institute of Science and Technology )和Victoria University于2004年合并为University of Manchester.

  

中间期(Intermediate period)

  从1910年到二战结束,只有一个大学在此期间成立。
  
大学名称 成立时间 大学校训
University of Reading 17 March 1926
第二批红砖大学(Second wave of red-brick universities)
  
大学名称 成立时间 大学校训
University of Nottingham 1948 Sapientia urbs conditur
University of Southampton 1952 Strenuis Ardua Cedunt
University of Hull 1954
University of Exeter 1955 Lucem sequimur
University of Leicester 1957 Ut Vitam Habeant

 

平板玻璃大学(Plate glass universities)

  在60年代成立的英国大学因为他们的建筑风格而被称为'平板玻璃’大学。
  
大学名称 成立时间 大学校训
University of Sussex August 1961 Be still and know
Keele University 1962 Thanke God for All
University of East Anglia 1963 Do Different
University of York 1963 In limine sapientiae
Newcastle University August 1963
Lancaster University 1964 Patet omnibus veritas
University of Strathclyde 1964 The Place of Useful Learning
University of Kent 4 January 1965 Cui servire regnare est
University of Essex 1965 Thought the harder, heart the keener
University of Warwick 1965 Mens agitat molem
Loughborough University 19 April 1966 Veritate, Scientia, Labore
Aston University 22 April 1966 Forward
Brunel University 9 June 1966
University of Surrey 9 September 1966
University of Bath 1966 Generatim discite cultus
University of Bradford 1966 Give invention light
City University, London 1966 To serve mankind
Heriot-Watt University 1966
University of Salford 10 February 1967 Altiora Petamus
University of Dundee 1 August 1967 Magnificat anima mea dominum
University of Stirling 13 November 1967
Royal College of Art 1967
Cranfield University 1969 Post Nubes Lux

 

中间期 (Intermediate era)

  在1969年和1992年之间只有三所大学成立,这三所大学每一所都很特殊。开发大学(Open University)是英国唯一的只提供远程教育的大学;白金汉大学(University of Buckingham)唯一的私营大学;阿尔斯特大学(University of Ulster)大学是有一个平板玻璃大学和一个理工学院合并而成。
  
大学名称 成立时间 大学校训
Open University 1969 Live and Learn
University of Buckingham 1976 Flying on our own Wings
University of Ulster 1984

 

新大学(New universities)

  在1992年实行的高等教育法允许所有的技术学院可以获准成为大学,有38所新大学根据这一法规而升级为大学,英国大学的数量也从46所上升到84所。
  
大学名称 成立时间 大学校训 相关信息
Napier University June 1992 Nisi sapientia frustra founded as Napier Technical College 1964
Anglia Ruskin University 1992 A Creative Constellation founded as Cambridge School of Art 1858; polytechnic 1991
Birmingham City University 16 June 1992
founded as City of Birmingham Polytechnic 1971
Bournemouth University 27 November 1992 Discere Mutari Est
University of Brighton 1992
founded as Brighton Polytechnic 1968
University of Central Lancashire 1992 Ex Solo ad Solem formerly Preston Polytechnic 1973
De Montfort University 1992
founded as Leicester Polytechnic 1969
Coventry University 1992
founded as Lanchester Polytechnic 1970
University of Derby 1992 Experientia Docet formerly Derbyshire College of Higher Education
University of East London 1992
founded as North East London Polytechnic 1970
University of Glamorgan 1992 Success Through Endeavour
University of Greenwich 1992 To learn, to do, to achieve
University of Hertfordshire 1992 Seek Knowledge Throughout Life
University of Huddersfield 1992

Kingston University 1992

Leeds Metropolitan University 1992

University of Lincoln 1992 Excellence through study moved to Lincoln 2001
Liverpool John Moores University 1992 Audentes Fortuna Juvat
London South Bank University 1992 With Thy Might (Borough Polytechnic) founded as the Borough Polytechnic Institute in 1892
Manchester Metropolitan University 1992 Many Arts, Many Skills
Middlesex University 1992

Northumbria University 1992

Nottingham Trent University 1992 Shaping futures
Oxford Brookes University 1992 Excellence in diversity
University of the West of Scotland 1992

University of Plymouth 1992

University of Portsmouth 1992 Lucem Sequamur
Robert Gordon University 1992 Omni Nunc Arte Magistra
Sheffield Hallam University 1992 Learn and Serve
Staffordshire University 1992 Create the difference
University of Sunderland 1992 Scientiam Dulce Hauriens
University of Teesside 1992 Facta Non Verba founded as Constantine Technical College 1930; polytechnic 1970
Thames Valley University 1992

University of Westminster 1992 Educating for professional life
University of the West of England 1992 Light Liberty Learning
University of Wolverhampton 1992 Innovation and Opportunity
Glasgow Caledonian University 1 April 1993 For the common weal
University of Abertay Dundee 1994

 

第二批新大学(Second wave of new universities)

  在经历了7年的中断之后,有大量的理工学院,大学学院和高教育机构开始申请升级为大学。到目前为止,英国增加了另外的31所新的大学,大学的总数达到了115所。
  
大学名称 成立时间 大学校训 相关信息
University of Gloucestershire 2001 In animo et veritate
University of Wales, Newport 2002

London Metropolitan University 1 August 2002

University of Bolton April 2004

University of the Arts London 2004

Cardiff University 1 August 2004 Gwirionedd Undod A Chytgord
Roehampton University 1 August 2004

University of Manchester 1 October 2004 Cognitio, sapientia, humanitas formed in 2004 by the dissolution of the Victoria University of Manchester (which was commonly known as the University of Manchester) and UMIST (University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology) and the immediate formation of a single institution (inaugurated on 1 October)
Bath Spa University August 2005
founded as Bath College of Higher Education 1975; university college 1992
Canterbury Christ Church University 2005 Veritas liberabit vos
University of Chester 2005 Qui docet in doctrina
University of Chichester 2005 Docendo discimus founded as West Sussex Institute of Higher Education 1977; university college 1999
University of Winchester June 2005

Liverpool Hope University July 2005 In Faith, Hope and Love
Southampton Solent University July 2005

University of Worcester September 2005 Ad Inspirandum Aspiramus
University of Northampton 2005 Transforming lives, inspiring change
University of Bedfordshire 2006

Edge Hill University 18 May 2006 In Scientia Opportunitas
York St John University 10 July 2006

Queen Margaret University January 2007

Buckinghamshire New University 2007 Arte et Industria
Imperial College London 8 July 2007 Scientia imperii decus et tutamen founded 1907 as constituent college of University of London
University of Cumbria 1 August 2007
merger of St Martin's College, Cumbria Institute of the Arts and part of University of Central Lancashire
Aberystwyth University 1 September 2007 Nid Byd, Byd Heb Wybodaeth founded as University College Wales 1872; founder member of University of Wales 1893
Bangor University 1 September 2007 Gorau Dawn Deall founded as University College of North Wales 1884; founder member of University of Wales 1893
University of Wales, Lampeter 1 September 2007 Gair Duw Goreu Dysg founded as St David's College 1828; merged with University of Wales 1971
Swansea University 1 September 2007 Gweddw crefft heb ei dawn founded as University College, Swansea 1920 (as part of University of Wales)
Trinity College, Carmarthen 1 September 2007

University of Wales Institute, Cardiff 1 September 2007 The most valuable possession is knowledge
Swansea Metropolitan University January 2008
founded as Swansea Institute of Higher Education 1992

 

前大学(Former universities)

  
大学名称 成立时间 大学校训 取消时间 原因
Victoria University 20 April 1880
1 October 1904 Leeds and Liverpool left; surviving college became Victoria University of Manchester
University of Wales 1893 Goreu Awen Gwirionedd 2007 Colleges became independent, affiliated institutions
Victoria University of Manchester 1 October 1904 Arduus Ad Solem 1 October 2004 merged with UMIST to form the University of Manchester
New University of Ulster 1968
1984 merged with Ulster Polytechnic to form University of Ulster
St Martin's College 2006
1 August 2007 merged with Cumbria Institute of the Arts and part of University of Central Lancashire to form University of Cumbria

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